Do you know that golf is one of the oldest sports in the world? Modern golf originated in Scotland in the 15th century, but the beginning of the sport is still inconclusive. Although the inventor of the sport is not clear, it doesn’t prevent it from becoming one of the most popular sports in the world, very competitive and entertaining. In the sports world, there are four major movements known as aristocratic sports, namely tennis, bowling, snooker and golf to be talked about today. Since the day of their birth, these sports have been labeled as “nobles” and have become synonymous with elegance, taste, and quality of life.
- What is golf?
Some people say that golf originated in Scotland 500 years ago. Some people say that golf is the evolution of the ancient Chinese “Shenmaru” ball game, and some say that it comes from the Netherlands, France, where it comes from, no need to trace because everything in the world has its similarities. “Golf” is a transliteration of GOLF and consists of acronyms for four English words. They are Green, Oxygen, Light, friendship. It means “green, oxygen, sunshine, friendship”, it is a sport that combines the enjoyment of nature, sports, and games. Golf is a ball game that hits the ball into the cave with a stick. Nowadays, modern golf has become synonymous with aristocratic sports, and it has evolved from an ancient Chinese game called “Shu Wan”.
- Golf structure
From the structure of the golf ball, it can be basically divided into the following four categories:
- Single layer ball
This ball can also be called a one-piece ball or a header ball and is generally only used for practice or for driving range. The sphere is pressed from hard rubber and painted.
- Double-layer ball
This kind of ball is also called a double body ball or two head balls. It is the most commonly used ball. The outer core of the sphere is made of hard rubber or plastic, or a mixture of the two is made of a shell having a thickness of about 1 mm. Most golf balls on the market that are far away or resistant to wear have adopted this structure and are the best choice for the average enthusiast.
- Three-layer ball
The three-layer ball can also be called a three-headed ball, which is a commonly used ball for high-level players. The outer core of the ball, which is made of rubber, plastic or a mixture of the two, is surrounded by a liquid-filled bladder, like a thin wrap around a thin rubber strip, and the outer casing is a rubber product. This rubber core ball is the ball with the highest rotatory and hitting sensation.
- Multi-layer ball
The harder you hit the ball, the easier the ball will deform. The multi-layer ball is designed and manufactured according to this principle, and the purpose is to use any hitting force to produce the best results. The center of the ball is designed to drive the ball farther, the middle layer is suitable for the iron shot, and the outer shell is for the best hitting feeling and the maximum swing. The newly designed ball begins to incorporate metal powders such as titanium, tungsten, and magnesium into the center of the ball and the outer shell to strengthen the strength of the ball and make the weight distribution in the ball more reasonable. However, such a ball is expensive, and the practitioner tends to lose the ball and increase the cost of playing when he is off the court, so it is not often used.
- Golf course
Each hole in the golf has an unequal distance due to terrain changes. Usually, the distances are divided into three types: long, medium and short. Among the 18 holes, there are four long and short distance holes, and there are ten holes in the middle distance. They are mixed and arranged. Most of the stadiums will have a pool on average, and the outer ball OB will be next to the OB line. The white wooden stakes are erected, and the ball holes can be divided into long grass areas, fairway areas, bunkers, etc. Each course has its own custom rules.
Most of the course’s hole sections are: 4 par 3 holes, 10 par 4 holes, 4 par 5 holes, the standard of the club is no more than 14 clubs, and the average golf club has more golfers. In general, golf clubs will use a kick-off wood pole, two fairway kinds of wood, nine irons, a putter and a special-purpose club.
The number of pars at different distances: 5 shots above 431 meters, 4 shots from 430.9 meters to 229.1 meters, and 3 shots below 229 meters. The setting of the standard pole is set according to the overall distance and distribution of the fairway, usually 18 holes and 72 poles, and occasionally 70 or 71 poles. In a professional game of golf, usually one game is more than four rounds, and the women’s group is usually three rounds.
- Golf clubs
The reason why the wooden pole is called the wooden pole is that the former club head was made of wood and was named after the red persimmon wood. Because the wood will expand when it meets the water, the early rain hitting club will be sent to the pro shop for maintenance; it was later evolved to make clubs from different materials. Iron, stainless steel, carbon fiber, and titanium are used. The most popular club material should be titanium. In addition to no need for time-consuming maintenance, titanium has a strong rebound effect and can be used for far-reaching. Many stadiums cannot increase the long distance. Therefore, there is a certain specification for the rebound coefficient of the wooden poles used by professional players. The USGA requires that the rebound coefficient is not greater than 0.83. In addition to the No. 1 wood for kick-off, the fairway wood has 3, 4, 5, 7, and 9. For girls, 3 and 4 kinds of wood are hard to beat, so the 7th or 9th wood with higher elevation angle will appear.